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          Application of Membrane Structure in Sewage Treatment Plant-Project case-Shanghai Huaxi Membrane Structure Engineering Co., Ltd.
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          Application of Membrane Structure in Sewage Treatment Plant

          Date:2015.4.3 Hit:5277

          Due to the acceleration of urbanization, more and more sewage treatment plants built in the suburbs have been brought into the periphery of urban construction.



          A considerable number of anaerobic pools, sludge concentration pools and biological flocculation pools of sewage treatment plants are built around residential areas and factories. The environment, features and odor of sewage pools directly affect people's work, life and health.



          Stench gas diffuse affect people's lives;
          ——for sewage pool odor treatment is imperative!!



          Waste Gas Collection-Several Methods for Deodorization and Covering of Sewage Tanks: Common Carbon Steel Framework + Sunshine Plate:
          Stainless steel skeleton + FRP



          Common Carbon Steel+Film Structure


          Plain carbon seel+membrane structure



          1 stainless steel skeleton + fiberglass reinforced plastics  2 ordinary carbon steel skeleton + sunshine plate is also very good in sealing performance. The limitation is that when the span is large (4-8 meters), the cost of the built-in steel skeleton will increase correspondingly and its maximum span is usually not more than 8 meters.


          The steel supporting parts of the above-mentioned 1 and 2 structures are inevitably placed inside the roof. Because the concentration of corrosive gases in the roof of the pool is doubled after adding the cover, the temperature is very high under the sunlight radiation, and the inner steel structure is very easy to corrode. The general service life is 2-3 years, that is to say, it will face the secondary construction of the whole structure in a short time. Practice has proved that even if stainless steel is used in steel structure, its durability in corrosive environment is still not guaranteed, and the cost is very high.


          Brittle Cracking of Sunshine Plate after Covering for 2 Years



          The steel structure is easy to be corroded when glass plate is covered with interior scenes. There is no metal component in the closed pool.

          Membranes used in membrane system were collected and analyzed thoroughly before use and installation.

          These experiments confirm that building membranes are completely suitable for wastewater treatment environment. At the same time, manufacturers analyzed the damage and aging effects of chemicals on membrane materials.
          Experiments include:
          (一) immersing in different aqueous solutions of NH3 and H2SO4 for a long time;
          (二) Testing changes in tensile strength before and after immersion to assess changes in mechanical properties of fabrics;
          (三) Anti-hydrolysis: strictly in accordance with NFG37122 (European Standard Hydrolysis Stability Test, NFG37122), after the above anti-corrosion test verification, can provide a detailed anti-corrosion durability report, with 15 years of quality assurance.
          Safety of membrane system
          Membrane structure has stronger resistance to load. The common structural loads are self-weight, wind load, snow load and earthquake action.
          (1) The self-weight of light fluorocarbon fibre membranes is generally only about 1 kg/m2, which belongs to light weight and high strength materials. It is especially suitable for large-span ponds such as sedimentation tanks, which minimizes the influence of the self-weight load of covering materials. In addition, a large number of purlins are needed to support the sunshine plate and FRP, and the membrane is a material reflecting the structural behavior through pre-tension, so it can achieve a large span without any supporting rods in the middle, so the weight of steel members is greatly reduced.
          (2) The shape of the membrane system is mostly conical, and because of the requirement of gas collection, the wind will slip through the membrane surface of the curve. Referring to the "Code for Load of Building Structures", the figure coefficient of the membrane system is 0.5-0.8, and the data of wind tunnel tests are smaller, which weakens the influence of wind load on the structure. The Shengxiong leather industry sewage tank in Wenzhou area adopts steel-supported anti-suspension membrane structure. It has just experienced the strongest typhoon of this year, Sea anemone. Its structure is intact and intact, which fully reflects its wind resistance advantages.
          (3) Snow-loaded fluorocarbon fibre membrane structure belongs to tension system. It is necessary to form a relatively large negative Gauss hyperboloid in order to effectively apply prestressing force. Therefore, the membrane surface must have a large height difference, that is, a relatively large slope can be formed. In addition, the surface of the film is very smooth, which makes it difficult for snow to accumulate on the film surface. The snow cover coefficient can be selected according to the height difference according to the "Code for Load of Building Structures", and skiing test can be done on its own.
          (4) Seismic action (live load) is very small because the membrane weight is small, and the structure belongs to flexible system, and the natural vibration period is long. According to the formula of seismic inertia force I(t)=-m[?G(t)+?(t)], it can be seen that when the mass m is small and the natural vibration period T is large, the seismic action is very small, so the influence of seismic action can be greatly reduced.
          (5) Service life of structural design: It can be designed according to 2 or 3 categories in the Unified Standard for Reliability Design of Building Structures (GB50068). The safe service life can be considered by referring to the three-level durability life in the General Principles of Civil Architectural Design, even if the service life is 25-50 years. The structural design and construction company can also produce load/internal force calculation certificates and other calculation certificates according to the design requirements. Ensure the safety and stability of the structure in theory.Material data comparison of covering materials Sunshine panels are polycarbonate hollow panels, which are processed from high performance engineering plastics - Polycarbonate (PC) resin.
          The physical and mechanical properties of the sheet are as follows:

          Entry name

          Unit

          Sheet thickness

          Index value

          Remarks on Test Method (ASTM)

          specific gravity

          g/cm3

          1.2

          D-792

          Impact strength (Izod, notch)

          J/m

          >850≥≥

          D-256

          Tensile yield strength

          MPa

          ≥60

          D-256

          Tensile fracture strength

          MPa

          ≥70

          D-638

          Elongation at yield

          %

          ≥6

          D-638

          Elongation at break

          %

          >100

          D-638

          Compressive strength

          MPa

          >75

          D-695

          Modulus of elasticity

          MPa

          2400

          D-638

          Coefficient of thermal expansion

          1/oC

          6.7×10-5

          D-696

          Thermal conductivity

          W/m·K

          0.2

          D-177

          Thermal Deformation Temperature (Load 1.81 MPa)

          135

          D-648

          Drop hammer impact strength

          J

          6mm

          2.1

          Transparency (colourless transparent plate)

          8mm

          2.0

          10mm

          2.44

          Transparency (colourless transparent plate)

          %

          4mm

          82

          (ASTM D-1003)

          6mm

          80

          8mm

          80

          10mm

          79


          Glass sheet material composition: unsaturated polyester resin, glass fiber base cloth, initiator, additives, pigments paste, etc. The thickness of FRP ranges from 3 mm to 7 mm.

          Physical properties of FRP

          Serial number

          Items

          Index

          Standard

          1

          Water absorption rate

          <0.5

          GB1462-78

          2

          impact strength KJ/㎡

          >5

          GB1451-83

          3

          bending strength Mpa

          >150

          GB1449-83

          4

          Flexural modulus of elasticity Mpa

          >7000

          GB1449-83

          5

          tensile strength Mpa

          >100

          GB1447-83

          6

          Tensile Weak Modulus Mpa

          >7000

          GB1447-83

          7

          Barcol hardness

          >35

          GB3854-83




          High tension warp and weft polyester filaments provide high strength structural properties for the mechanical part of membrane material structure.
          Polymer surface treatment provides acid and alkali resistance for anticorrosive parts of materials.
          PVDF coating is the appearance part of the material for surface treatment, providing self-cleaning performance.

          Physical properties of membranes

          Items

          Data value

          Test method

          Weight

          1050(g/m2)

          NF EN ISO2286-2

          Thickness

          0.8 ~1(mm)

          NF EN ISO2286-2

          Tensile Strength (Longitudinal/Weft)

          4400~5500(kn/5cm)

          NF EN ISO1421

          Tear strength (longitudinal/transverse)

          500 (kn/5cm)

          DIN 53-363

          Fire test

          PASS

          NFPA 701

          Transmittance

          6%

          ASHRAE 74-1988

          reflectivity

          78%

          ASHRAE 74-1988


          Membrane Technical Data



          Comparison of Economic Performance of Several Covered Structures

          Capping structure

          Service life

          Span of use

          Cost of steel structure
          (Yuan /m2)

          Covering material cost
          (Yuan /m2)

          Common Carbon Steel Framework (Inside)+Sunshine Plate (Outside)

          24years

          Within 10 meters

          200~250

          100~150

          Common Carbon Steel Framework (Embedded)+Glass Plate (Outside)

          More than 5~6 years

          Within 8 meters

          Around 250

          200~300

          Stainless steel skeleton (inside)+toughened glass (outside)

          More then 8~10years

          Within 15 meters

          800~1000

          250~500

          Common carbon steel skeleton (outer side)+membrane system (reverse suspension)

          More than 15years

          Within 70 meters

          280~350

          350~450

          Note: Membrane structure design can be in accordance with 50-year standard. Membrane service life should be more than 15 years. If the service life is reached, only the membrane can be replaced on the original steel structure, which does not affect the continued use of the steel structure.Plain carbon steelPlain carbon steel

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